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iowa bone study

Preventive & Community Dentistry Research: Iowa Bone Development Study

The Iowa Bone Development Study (IBDS) was initiated in 1998 and involves IFS children and their parents. The study is assessing children’s bone development over time through special, low radiation x-ray type procedures and relating the findings to detailed assessments of genetic, dietary (including fluoride and calcium), physical activity, anthropometric (height, weight, etc.), demographic, and parental factors.

Assessments of bone development were made at ages 5, 9, 11, 13, 15 and 17. The study is currently assessing bone development among participating children at age 19 (and hopes to assess again at age 22). Continuing to study the same children from birth through these critical teenage and early adult years of bone development will yield valuable information and help determine which factors are or are not contributing to bone health. Currently, there are more than 475 children participating. In addition, most of the children’s parents have also participated by having their bones scanned.

DNA samples were obtained beginning in 1998 within the IBDS for bone study linkage only. In the last several years, additional consent has been obtained from the majority of study subjects/families to allow children’s/parents’ genetic samples to be used by our study team in analyses related to dental outcomes, including dental caries and fluorosis. Also, the majority have given permission to have their genetic, examination, and questionnaire data included in the National Institutes of Health (NIH) genome-wide association study (GWAS) repository.